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SEND• 3 Min read

4th October 2021

What Are The 4 Broad Areas of Need In SEND?

All our SEND schools provide person-centred education to children and young people who have Education, Health and Care Plan (EHCP). The EHCP is is a detailed assessment to identify the full range of an individual’s needs. EHC plans are issued when a child or young person requires additional learning, health and social care support. They may require help to access mainstream education, or financial support to provide appropriate care at home.

What Are The 4 Areas Of Need?

There are 4 broad areas of need in SEND and the purpose is to work out what action the school needs to take. We should remember that this is not to fit a child into a category. Many of our children and young people have needs that cut across all these areas and their needs could change over time. For example, a child who is identified with Autistic Spectrum Condition (ASC) may have needs across all areas, including particular sensory requirements. Our SEND schools have a full understanding of the individual’s particular strengths and needs. They have access for necessary specialist equipment or software to provide well-evidenced interventions to fully support the individual’s needs.


Communication and Interaction

  • ASC/ Autism/ Aspergers
  • Speech, Learning and Communication Needs (SLCN)

Cognition and Learning

  • Specific Learning Difficulties (SpLD)
  • Mild to Moderate Learning Difficulties (MLD)
  • Severe Learning Difficulties (SLD)
  • Profound Multiple Learning Difficulties (PMLD)

Social, Emotional and Mental Health

Children and young people with SEMH may have the following mental health difficulties: anxiety, withdrawn or feeling isolated, having challenging and disturbing behaviour, self-harming, depression, eating disorder, and substance misuse.


Sensory and/or Physical Needs

  • Visual Impairment (VI)
  • Hearing Impairment (HI)
  • Multi-Sensory Impairment (MSI)
  • Physical Disability (PD)

If you are thinking of a career in SEND, supporting young people with unique needs, we’d love to hear from you. You don’t need a degree to work in a SEND school, and there are always opportunities for creative, enthusiastic and compassionate individuals in SEND schools. Start by registering with us – our team will be in touch and talk through your skills and options and we’ll take it from there.

READ MORE: Do I Need A Qualification To Work As A TA in SEND?

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