When planning a lesson, it is absolutely vital to consider how each of your pupils learns. Due to the individuality of all your students, this can seem a daunting task. Fortunately, it’s not hard to find all the information you need in order to create an effective and engaging lesson plan that will appeal to each one of your pupils.
Factors that affect how well your students will learn and retain key information include:
If your lesson plan fulfils several of these factors, there’s a good chance that many of your pupils will find the information memorable.
Bear in mind that every child learns in a slightly different way and there is no one size fits all approach. Experimenting with different techniques with different classes will give you an idea as to what suits both your teaching style and your class.
Many studies show that positive reinforcement is one of the best ways to help young students learn how to behave well. When you praise a pupil, this is positive reinforcement in action. The child learns to behave well because they want the reward of their teacher’s praise.
You can make use of this on a larger scale to help students learn by employing techniques such as behaviour charts where your pupils can actually visualise their achievements and those of each other. However, there are problems associated with making behaviour charts available for all to see.
Many teachers believe that reprimanding their students in front of the class or inflicting collective punishments can shame them into behaving. While this may be an efficient means of controlling a class in the short term, it could also have negative repercussions on the disobedient children’s behaviour in the long run.
This is due to the fact that children learn to associate good behaviour with a performance they put on for you, rather than internalising the morals of behaving well and developing the ability to regulate their own actions even when an authority figure is not present.
Collective punishments in the classroom are intrinsically unfair and will often cause resentment between pupils. Children may turn against those who are frequently rewarded for their positive behaviour, or those who frequently misbehave and incur whole class penalties. They also learn to see you as an unreasonable authority figure.
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